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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9516

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DONG, X.X et al. Effects of the nitrification inhibitor DMPP on soil bacterial community in a Cambisol in northeast China. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.13, n.3, pp.580-591.  Epub 27-Ago-2013. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162013005000046.

A long-term experimental site was built to study effects of the nitrification inhibitor 3, 4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) on a bacterial population's diversity and activity in a Cambisol in northern China. Treatments included no fertilization (CK), application of urea alone (U), and application of urea plus DMPP (UD). The annual application rate for the urea was 180 kg N ha-1, and that of the DMPP was 1.8 kg ha-1. The diversity and composition of the overall soil bacterial community were analyzed using pyrosequencing, and the abundances of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) were analyzed using a real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The dominant phyla were Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Gemmatimonadetes, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, and Planctomycetes in all of the samples. However, compared with treatment U, the relative abundance and identities of the dominant phyla that were increased in treatment UD were more similar to those of the CK treatment. DMPP significantly reduced the targeted ammonia oxidizing bacterial abundance, and the soil potential nitrification rate had a significant positive correlation with the amoA gene copy number of the AOB (r=0.685, n=9, p<0.05) but not of the AOA. The results suggested that long-term application of DMPP to this agricultural soil was relatively beneficial for both urea application and soil bacterial ecosystem reversion.

Palavras-chave : Nitrification inhibitor; soil total bacteria; ammonium-oxidizing bacteria; ammonium-oxidizing archaea; long-term experiment.

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