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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9516

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NASIBI, F; HEIDARI, T; ASRAR, Z  e  MANSOORI, H. Effect of arginine pre-treatment on nickel accumulation and alleviation of the oxidative stress in Hyoscyamus niger. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.13, n.3, pp.680-689.  Epub 27-Ago-2013. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162013005000054.

Nickel is essential for many plant species to complete their life cycle but higher concentrations of this metal are toxic and may severely interfere with many physiological and biochemical processes of plants. In recent researches, either sodium nitroprusside (as nitric oxide donor) or exogenous polyamines were used to counteract the effect of heavy metal stress. In this research hyoscyamus plants were pre-treated with 10 and 20 µM Arg (as a precursor of NO or polyamines) and then plants were treated with 50 and 100 µM Ni. Elevated hydrogen peroxide content and lipoxygenase (LOX) activity showed that Ni induced oxidative damages. Antioxidant enzyme activity also increased in those plants which were under Ni stress. In plants, which were pretreated with Arg, the concentration of Ni increased in shoot, while the H2O2 content and the activity of LOX, catalase (CAT), guiacol peroxidase (GPX) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) enzymes decreased. It is shown for the first time that pre-treatment of hyoscyamus plant with Arg increased plant capability to accumulate Ni in its aboveground organs by 1.5-2 times and reduced its toxic effects indicated by measurement of oxidative parameters. It might be true because Arginine induced alleviation of Ni toxicity and accelerated transport by chelating of Ni in plants directly or through production of polyamines.

Palavras-chave : Antioxidant enzymes; heavy metals; hydrogen peroxide; polyamines.

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