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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

STEVANATO, P et al. Soil biological and biochemical traits linked to nutritional status in grapevine. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.2, pp.421-432.  Epub 12-Mayo-2014. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162014005000033.

The purpose of this work was to study vineyards of NE Italy seeking for features associated to the soil or plant compartment that could serve as proxies to infer productivity of the grape. Soils were characterized for physico-chemical properties, mineralization of organic matter by a novel patented device based on in-situ microbial degradation of buried fibers, bacterial intergenic spacer length diversity (ARISA), enzyme activities and the expression of genes involved in response to abiotic stresses. Significant differences (p<0.05) were observed among vineyards for the parameters evaluated. The groupings obtained by ARISA were coherent with those obtained by PCA of soil properties. Vineyards endowed with higher productivity had soils showing higher enzyme activities along with neutral pH, higher TOC content and appropriate C/N ratio. These soils also showed higher mineralization of organic matter determined the novel in-soil thread degradation method. Grapevines of less productive vineyards had suboptimal leaf nitrogen and sulfur contents and showed up-regulation of WRKY, SuSy, PAL and STS1 genes. Results put in evidence useful correlations with yield that can be obtained up to several months earlier than harvest time upon analyzing selected indicators. An interesting link arises unifying soil biological properties, nutritional status, molecular stress response of grapevine and its production level.

Palabras clave : Soil biological properties; edaphic stresses; nutritional status; molecular stress response.

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