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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumo

SUN, S et al. Response of bacterial community to simulated nitrogen deposition in soils and a unique relationship between plant species and soil bacteria in the Songnen grassland in Northeastern China. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp.565-580.  Epub 02-Ago-2014. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162014005000045.

Nitrogen (N) deposition greatly affects the above ground biological composition of grasslands and soil properties. However, its influence on the relationship among soil, plant and bacterial communities remain controversy. We calculated Shannon-wiener index to measure the soil bacterial diversity based on denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and investigate the roles of vegetation and soil properties on the soil bacterial community under N addition. A three-year simulated N deposition experiment was conducted in a forbs community dominated by Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel. and Artemisia scoparia Wald. Et. Kit. N was added at five levels (0, 23, 46, 69, 92 kg ha-1 yr-1). Our results showed that N addition increased the soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) and soil bacterial diversity. Moderate N (23, 46, 69 kg ha-1 yr1) addition increased the soil bacterial diversity, whereas excess N (92 kg ha-1 yr-1) addition inhibited it. The SMBC and soil bacterial diversity were related to richness of plant functional groups. In particular, SMBC had positive correlation with biomass of annuals and biennials, suggesting that the effects of the plant community on the soil bacteria could be explained by a relationship between the soil bacterial community and a subset of plant species rather than all species.

Palavras-chave : Nitrogen deposition; soil bacterial community; species richness; resource availability; Songnen grassland.

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