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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

HASSAN, W et al. ACC-deaminase and/or nitrogen fixing rhizobacteria and growth of wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.). J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.1, pp.232-248.  Epub 24-Feb-2014. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162015005000019.

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are beneficial bacteria, which can enhance the growth of the plants, when applied to crops. A pot experiment was conducted to examine the effect of six PGPR isolates on the growth of wheat. Inoculation with rhizobacterial isolates increased the all measured physical, chemical and enzymatic growth parameters compared to control (CK). However, the WAN1 isolate had the highest effect, and significantly (P < 0.05) increased the root length (3.51-fold), shoot length (3.22-fold), seedling fresh (3.41-fold) and dry  (3.91-fold) weight, chlorophyll a (3.90-fold), chlorophyll b (3.51-fold), carotenoid contents (7.23-fold), plant macronutrient uptake i.e. N (7.20-fold, 6.71-fold), P (7.41-fold, 5.01-fold), K (5.51-fold, 3.91-fold), Ca (6.40-fold, 5.21-fold) and Mg (5.82-fold, 7.11-fold) in shoot and root, plant micronutrient uptake i.e. Zn (6.40-fold, 9.11-fold), Cu (7.31-fold, 7.02-fold), Fe (6.41-fold, 7.52-fold) and Mn (4.57-fold, 5.21-fold) in shoot and root and plant antioxidant enzymes i.e. glutathione S-transferase (7.51-fold), peroxidase (5.21-fold) and catalase (5.01-fold) respectively. Our results revealed that inoculation of agricultural crops with PGPR is a very useful approach to increase the plant growth. The ACC (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate) enrichment technique is an efficient approach to select promising PGPR. The PGPR containing dual abilities i.e. both ACC-deaminase and nitrogen fixing ability are more effective than PGPR possessing either ACC-deaminase or nitrogen fixing activity alone for growth promotion of crops.

Palabras clave : PGPR; ACC-deaminase; Ethylene and auxin; wheat.

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