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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumo

PADUA OLIVEIRA, Dâmiany et al. Acid tolerant Rhizobium strains contribute to increasing the yield and profitability of common bean in tropical soils. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.4, pp.922-933. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162017000400007.

Symbiosis of common bean with nitrogen-fixing bacteria can lead to a reduction in production costs and in environmental impacts. Considering the diversity of soils and climates, it is important to validate bacterial strains under different conditions to consolidate their recommendation as inoculants. Studies concerning the economic viability of Rhizobium inoculation in common bean are few, but they could assist in choosing the strain to be adopted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Rhizobium strains isolated from acid soils from the Amazon inoculated in seeds of the BRSMG Madrepérola cultivar and to evaluate the economic viability of their use in the field. Four field experiments were conducted in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A randomized block experimental design was used with four replications and seven treatments: inoculation with the strains CIAT 899 (Rhizobium tropici), UFLA 02-100 (R. etli), UFLA 02-68 (R. etli bv. mimosae), UFLA 02-127 (R. leguminosarum bv. phaseoli), and UFLA 04-173 (R. miluonense),plus two controls, one without inoculation + mineral nitrogen (N-urea) at a rate of 80 kg N ha-1 and another without inoculation and without mineral N. The strain CIAT 899 is already recommended for the manufacture of a commercial inoculant, and the others, collected in the Amazon Forest, have proven to be highly effective in biological nitrogen fixation. Symbiosis of common bean with all the strains evaluated leads to satisfactory yields, with reduction in the application rate of mineral nitrogen and in environmental impacts and, consequently, reduction in economic costs, with higher profitability.

Palavras-chave : Biological nitrogen fixation; inoculant; economic analysis.

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