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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

ARA, Ismat; ISLAM, Md. Shoffikul; KASHEM, Md. Abul  y  OSMAN, Khan Towhid. A comparative study of phosphorus availability in an acidic soil and an alkaline soil amended with organic and inorganic phosphorus sources. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2018, vol.18, n.2, pp.466-478. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162018005001402.

An incubation study was conducted to investigate the effects of adding cow manure (CM), poultry manure (PM), city waste (CW) and triple super phosphate (TSP) on extractable P in a sandy loam acidic soil (Aquepts) and a silt loam alkaline soil (Fluvents). Phosphorus was added at a rate of 200 mg P kg−1 to the soil in the forms of CM, PM, CW and TSP. The soil was incubated at field capacity for 15, 30 and 60 days after which the P sources were extracted with Olsen, Kelowna, Mehlich-3, and Bray and Kurtz-II extractants. Regardless of the extractants and soils, after 15 days of incubation, the highest extractable P source was the TSP (88-97 mg kg-1 as Olsen P), and the lowest was the CW (11-15 mg kg-1 as Olsen P). The extractable P levels with the CM (41-48 mg kg-1 as Olsen P) and PM (71-73 mg kg-1 as Olsen P) were between the extractable P levels with the TSP and CW. Extractable P in the soils with the organic amendments increased slightly with increasing incubation time from 15 to 60 days. With the TSP, extractable P decreased sharply in the acidic soil, while it decreased gradually in the alkaline soil. In both soils, extraction efficiency was in the order of Bray and Kurtz-II> Mehlich-3> Kelowna>Olsen. The efficiency of the added P as measured by NaHCO3 increased with the organic amendments, while the efficiency decreased with the TSP with days of incubation. This study indicates that soil samples taken 30 days after the addition of CM and PM in the soil might reflect the most plant-available P.

Palabras clave : Phosphorus; extractants; organic amendments; soils; incubation.

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