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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

On-line version ISSN 0719-0107

Abstract

GUTIERREZ, MF; HERNANDEZ, JP; JUAREZ, IA  and  ARAVENA, P. Need for periodontal treatment among adults with controlled and uncontrolled diabetes in a Chilean population: A cross sectional study. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2013, vol.6, n.2, pp.67-70. ISSN 0719-0107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-01072013000200003.

Objective: To observe the Periodontal Treatment Need (PTN) in adult patients without Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (noDM2) and with Diabetes Mellitus  type 2 (DM2) controlled and non-controlled in a chilean population. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study. A periodontist recorded the PTN according to the Periodontal Treatment Need Community Index (CPITN), from a sample of patients with noDM2, controlled DM2 (Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated HbA1c ≤ a 6.5%) and non-controlled DM2 (HbA1c > 6.5%) from the Army Clinical Center in Valdivia-Chile between april and july 2012. The age, sex and presence of arterial hypertension were recorded. The sociodemographic variables and the statistical association between PTN in patients with noDM2, with controlled and non-controlled DM2 (chi-squared test, p<0.05) were also analyzed. Results: Ninety six patients were analyzed. The average age was 55.2 ± 8.3 years old, 45 of them (48.9%) were diabetics. 96.88% of the samples presented a PTN by the specialists (CPITN codes 3 and 4), there were no significant differences between DM2 and noDM2 patients (p=0.63). No significant differences were observed in PTN between patients with controlled and non-controlled diabetes (p=0.43). Conclusions: Previous reports related the presence and lack of control of DM2 as a risk factor of periodontal disease. Nonetheless, in our study, there was a high index of PTN in all the different types of patients examined.

Keywords : Periodontitis; diabetes mellitus; periodontal index; hemoglobin A, glycosylated; Chile.

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