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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

On-line version ISSN 0719-0107

Abstract

MORENO RUIZ, Ximena; VERA ABARA, Constanza  and  CARTES-VELASQUEZ, Ricardo. Oral health impact on the quality of life of 11 to 14 year-old schoolchildren, Licantén, 2013. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2014, vol.7, n.3, pp.142-148. ISSN 0719-0107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.piro.2014.07.002.

Introduction Oral health is part of the general health status, being recognized as an essential component of quality of life. Some years ago the concept of "Oral health-related quality of life" was introduced and several indices have been created focusing on its assessment in adults and children. For the latter the Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) was developed, which consists of 8 dimensions that assess the impact of oral health in performing daily activities. Objective To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life using the Child-OIDP index in schoolchildren from 11-14 years old in Licantén, 2013. Methodology The Child-OIDP questionnaire was used on a sample of 203 schoolchildren aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of the community. An exploratory analysis of the data for determining frequency and percentage distribution, and means with standard deviation was performed. Differences in Child-OIDP values were determined using non-parametric tests: chi-square, Kruskal Wallis, and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, all with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results The most frequent oral problems affecting children were: color of teeth (42.36%) and tooth position (41.87%). The Child-OIDP mean for the sample was 10.32% ± 6.92%. The activities that most affected children were eating (39.9%), smile (34.5%), and cleaning teeth (2.2%). Conclusion Dental problems are common in children from Licantén and can interfere in daily activities.

Keywords : Quality of life; Oral health; Teen; Chile.

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