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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

On-line version ISSN 0719-0107

Abstract

BORIE, Eduardo et al. Maximum bite force in elderly Mapuche and non-Mapuche patients with Kennedy class I removable partial dentures. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2014, vol.7, n.3, pp.164-168. ISSN 0719-0107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.piro.2014.09.004.

Objective To compare the maximum bite force (FMM), in two different measurement periods, of mapuche and non-mapuche elderly patients with both maxillary and mandibular Kennedy class I removable partial dentures. Patients and methods A total of 40 subjects with ages ranging between 60 and 80 years were divided into 2 groups according to their ethnic origins to measure FMM in the molar region using a hydraulic device. The subjects were instructed to perform three bites with each side as hard as possible, and the highest value was considered as the maximum force. Data were analyzed by Student's t- test and Levene test. Results Male gender showed higher FMM values (p < 0.05). The group of mapuche individuals showed the highest values of FMM (p < 0.05). Finally, considerably higher FMM values were identified at one-month period subsequent to the insertion of the new prosthesis (p < 0.05). Conclusions The highest FMM values were observed in patients of mapuche ethnic origin, in male patients, and at one-month period after both prostheses were inserted.

Keywords : Maximum bite force; Removable partial denture; Elderly; Indigenous.

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