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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

On-line version ISSN 0719-0107

Abstract

NAVARRETE, Mariely; CARO, Juan C; PRATO, Angelo  and  ITALO, Secchi. Association between osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2016, vol.9, n.1, pp.25-29. ISSN 0719-0107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.piro.2015.02.014.

Chronic periodontitis is an immuno-inflammatory diseases caused by bacteria. Due to the multiple factors involved in periodontal pathogenesis, there have been a number of studies on the probable association with various systemic conditions, including osteoporosis. This is a progressive systemic disease characterized by loss of bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration, compromising trabecular and cortical bone. The aim of this study was to identify the association between osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis, according to the specialized literature published to date. To this end, a literature was performed in MEDLINE database using its PUBMED browser. The following search strategy was used: Osteoporosis (Mesh) OR osteoporosis (IT) AND periodontal disease odds ratio OR Osteoporosis (Mesh) OR osteoporosis (IT) AND periodontal disease association, selecting human studies, published in the last 10 years. Finally, 6 items were analyzed. Recent studies provide strong evidence of an association between osteoporosis and clinical attachment loss in humans. Based on these results, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between decreased risk of skeletal bone density and height of the alveolar bone crest, however it is not yet possible to determine a causal relationship. So far this association can only be confirmed in women.

Keywords : Osteoporosis; Chronic periodontitis; Bone density.

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