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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

versión On-line ISSN 0719-0107

Resumen

CASTRO-RODRIGUEZ, Yuri  y  GRADOS-POMARINO, Sixto. Frequencies and risk indicators of gingival recession in a Peruvian simple. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2017, vol.10, n.3, pp.135-140. ISSN 0719-0107.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.piro.2016.09.004.

Objective:

To evaluate the prevalence, extent, severity and risk indicators of gingival recession in a population of Lima, Peru.

Materials and methods:

A representative sample of 318 adults aged 25-75 years was evaluated. A structured questionnaire was completed, and a clinical examination performed in the vestibular area of all teeth. Gingival recession was assessed by study subject, by tooth and depth of each (mean). The risk indicators assessed were: level of education, gender, socioeconomic status, brushing movement, brushing frequency, frequency of flossing, and previous periodontal and orthodontic treatments. A multivariate regression model was used to establish associations.

Results:

The prevalence of gingival recession was 94.3%, and the extension was 44.8%, being more common in the mandibular region (54.2%). The mean severity of recessions was 3.86±0.45mm. Males showed a significant association with the severity of recessions (OR=2, CI: 1.09-3.68).

Conclusion:

Gingival recessions were highly prevalent in this Peruvian population. The main risk indicators found were gender, brushing movement, and previous orthodontic treatment.

Palabras clave : Perú, Gingival recession; Epidemiology; Prevalence; Risk indicators.

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