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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

versión On-line ISSN 0719-0107


GODOY, Jorge  y  REY, Pablo. Caregivers knowledge on oral hygiene in elderly residents in geriatric establishments of longterm care, Valparaíso. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2019, vol.12, n.1, pp.12-14. ISSN 0719-0107.

Older adults are the age group with worst oral health in Chile, a large percentage of them being institutionalized and often under the care of untrained or unqualified personnel. Purpose: To determine the level of knowledge in caregivers on oral hygiene in elderly residents, institutionalized in the ELEAM of Valparaíso.

Materials and methods:

A cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample of 75 volunteer caregivers who met the inclusion criteria. A validated survey was applied to determine their level of knowledge. They were analyzed using frequency measures, Fisher’s exact test and Pearson correlation coefficient.


Caregivers have a mid-level of expertise, unrelated to age, experience or training. They have a high level of knowledge regarding brushing frequency, dental prosthesis care, and low level in technique and toothbrush replacement. No statistically significant differences were found between the level of knowledge and years of experience, formal education or training.


Caregivers require greater knowledge on toothbrush characteristics, use of adjuvants and frequency of dental visits. Most of the knowledge demonstrated is empirical, based on their experience and perception on the subject. Training and constant updates on the topic are essential.

Palabras clave : Knowledge; Caregivers; Elderly care homes.

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