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Revista de psicología (Santiago)

versión impresa ISSN 0716-8039versión On-line ISSN 0719-0581

Resumen

FIERRO, Catriel; FERNANDEZ ALVAREZ, Javier  y  MANZO, Gustavo Adrián. A Century of Psychotherapy in Argentina: Clinical Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Recent Developments. Rev. psicol. [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.2, pp.76-102. ISSN 0716-8039.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2019.52310.

Argentina owns an authentic psychotherapeutic culture, being psychoanalysis its most spread expression, particularly in public-managed universities. Nevertheless, Argentina lacks of a system to provide appropriate and continuous education for psychotherapists. Thus, psychologists’ abilities have been repeatedly described as biased and deficitary. Adopting a socio-professional historiographic framework, this study presents an historical overview and analysis of the development of the heterogeneous psychotherapeutic spheres in Argentina during the twentieth century, aim-ing to grasp and retrospectively explain the field’s present state. Argentinian psychotherapy is first described, from around 1900, when psychiatrists and physicians inaugurated and dominated the field, up to 1930, when psychoanalysis, reflexology and existentialism coexisted as clinical perspectives. The period between 1940 and 1970, char-acterized by psychoanalysis’ institutionalization, is then analyzed. The arrival of psychoanalysis at the newly created psychology careers, the professional disputes started by such arrival and the consequent hegemonization of the theory and its therapeutic outlook are emphasized. The period from 1970 onwards is detailed, describing institutional and professional developments. The development of systemic, cognitive and integrative approaches is detailed. Finally, contemporary challenges of the psychotherapy in Argentina are discussed, emphasizing the necessity of a deep debate based on historical and empirical evidence.

Palabras clave : Argentina; psychotherapy; psychoanalysis; training and education in psychology.

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