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vol.13 número1TURBULENCIAS DESDE EL MAR: CHILE Y BOLIVIAUNA MIRADA A LAS RELACIONES PARAVECINALES DE CHILE: LOS CASOS DE BRASIL Y ECUADOR (1990-2010) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Si Somos Americanos

versión On-line ISSN 0719-0948

Resumen

MONDACA ROJAS, Carlos; RIVERA OLGUIN, Patricio  y  AGUIRRE MUNIZAGA, Claudio. School and the War of the Pacific: Didactic proposal for teaching history for educational inclusion in cross-border contexts in the north of Chile. Si Somos Americanos [online]. 2013, vol.13, n.1, pp.123-148. ISSN 0719-0948.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-09482013000100006.

The present work analyzes the methods of teaching the War of the Pacific in the North of Chile, which relate to civic-military rituals and to the creation of myths about this 1879 conflict. This manifests itself as an exacerbated nationalism on the part of teachers and students, which is also promoted by the curriculum, its planning, programs, and the official nationwide school textbooks. This situation does not allow for the development of inclusive practices within the classrooms. In this respect, it is proposed, from a didactic perspective of the history, that the method of teaching the war should be carried out to enhance educational inclusion in cross-border contexts, based on a critical analysis of the official information that is available, on the teaching of the conflict.

Palabras clave : Pacific War; teaching of history; northern Chile.

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