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Si Somos Americanos

On-line version ISSN 0719-0948

Abstract

LEIVA GOMEZ, Sandra; MANSILLA AGUERO, Miguel Ángel  and  COMELIN FORNES, Andrea. Labor conditions of Bolivian migrants who provide care work in Iquique. Si Somos Americanos [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.1, pp.11-37. ISSN 0719-0948.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-09482017000100011.

It is increasingly common for Chileans to hire foreign domestic workers to care for dependent individuals in their households. Migrant domestic workers generally leave their children in the care of another person in their country of origin, thus creating global care chains. Labor conditions are analyzed through interviews conducted in the city of Iquique with Bolivian domestic workers who provide care services without a work permit. This situation can lead to precarious work conditions, long workdays and mistreatment. The authors conclude that national legislation must address the cases of workers in border areas in order to provide adequate legal protection for Bolivian domestic workers in Iquique. Second, they find that changes to the domestic workers law could be beneficial for caregivers in the border area as this would provide for the exchange of days off, allowing them to make frequent visits to the children left behind in Bolivia. Third, innovative migratory policies could be designed, such as freeing certain migrants from the work permit requirement when they are performing work that the country urgently needs and for which the migrant population provides a solution.

Keywords : work; care; migration.

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