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 número42REGIÓN Y NACIÓN: RELACIONES VECINALES, HISTORIA E INTEGRACIÓN. DESAFÍOS PENDIENTES Y TAREAS INCONCLUSASINMIGRACIÓN, COTIDIANIDAD Y CONFLICTO NACIONAL EN LA BIOGRAFÍA Y ARCHIVO DE MANUEL YANULAQUE SCORDA (INMIGRANTE GRIEGO EN ARICA 1850-1934) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

GONZALEZ MIRANDA, Sergio. NITRATE COMBINATIONS: THE EMERGENCE OF THE NITRATE ENTREPRENEURSIN CHILE (1884-1910). Diálogo Andino [online]. 2013, n.42, pp.41-56. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812013000200005.

Nitrate combinations have been seen as a way of voluntary organization of nitrate entrepreneurs to control theproduction of nitrate and obtain betterprices in the international market of fertilizers. Since that strategy, that was relatively successful between 1884 and 1910, the main nitrate organization would have been constituted: the Comité Salitrero, the Nitrate Permanent Committee and the Asociación Salitrera de Propaganda. However, they have not paid enough attention to its importance as a cohesive of that management till changing it into one of the most influential groups (union or trust) of the national economy in that period. Behind the nitrate agreements there was an explicit attempt of this business group, led by the English industrialist, to reach the monopoly of exportation of Chilean nitrate without making intense technological innovations. Therefore, the key to understand the success and failure of the nitrate industry during the decades of biggest boom within the expansion cycle of nitrate is in the organization of combinations.

Palabras clave : nitrate combination; employers' unions; monopoly; nitrate economy.

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