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 número44SUSCEPTIBILIDAD DE MOVIMIENTOS EN MASA EN EL VALLE DE SOCOROMA, PRECORDILLERA ANDINA DE ARICA Y PARINACOTAZONAS ARQUEOLÓGICAS Y GESTIÓN DEL TERRITORIO EN LA CIUDAD DE ARICA (CHILE) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

CLARKSON, Persis B  y  BRIONES MORALES, Luis. THE CULTURAL ASTRONOMY OF ANDEAN GEOGLYPHS: A CASE STUDY OF ANCIENT TARAPAQUEÑOS, NORTHERN CHILE. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2014, n.44, pp.41-55. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812014000200005.

The incorporation of astronomy into ritual andphysical sites is well documented in the Andean region for both the precontact and postcontact periods. In northern Chile, a dearth of ancient architecture and extensive documentation of aboriginal populations has contributed to a corresponding dearth of investigation into the uses of astronomy by the ancient populations. The abundance of geoglyphs (ground drawings) throughout the region is associated with ancient caravan trails. The majority of the tens of thousands of geoglyphs documented in northern Chile fall into recognizable clusters of composition orform. 'Geoglifo Sol', discovered in 2008 in the Pampa Tamarugal, is unusual in composition and location. It is circular, includes an anthropomorph and cairns, and is situated on level terrain. In addition, there is an unobstructed view due west to the Andes and to Cerro Tata Jachura, an inactive volcano with historic and modern documented ritual connotations among the indigenouspopulations of this region. Not surprisin-gly, there are several correlations with the cairns and anthropomorph associated with the Geoglifo Sol and alignments to the sun, moon, and specific constellations, including solstices and equinoxes, for the time period of500-1500 A.D,. The significance of the astronomical phenomena with the terrestrial features and regional mythology further suggests a timeframe of use of the geoglyph.

Palabras clave : geoglyphs; Andes; Chile; archaeology; astronomy; symbolism; art.

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