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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

IGLESIAS, Lucila. MOORS AT THE (PACIFIC OCEAN) COAST: IMAGES AND IDEAS ABOUT THE MUSLIMIN THE VICEROYALTY OF PERU. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2014, n.45, pp.5-15. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812014000300002.

In the Andean region at different times of the colonial period we can find several images with references to the Muslim figure as an enemy of the Catholic dogma. Muslim figure is clearly recognizable in the images produced by the Catholic Church, in contrast to other religious identities. This paper analyze heterogeneous sources as the etymology of certain terms, theatre plays and written texts of the colonial period, as well as images that shed light on some items that were outlining the imaginary that was built around the Muslim figure. It is clear that in Spain, all the images showing victory on Islamic "enemy" circulated in the context of the Reconquest as a way to legitimize the Crown's actions closely linked to the Catholic Church. However in the case of Indies, and the Viceroyalty of Peru specifically, Muslims were not a real threat or a significant presence. Considering this, the image of the Moor in America appears interwoven by multiple senses, and as a typology that travels from Spain, in the Indies works to identify a "prototypical" enemy of the Catholic dogma.

Palabras clave : Muslim; Colonial art; Viceroyalty of Peru; Enemy.

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