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 número56LOS ROTOS EN LA GUERRA DE OCUPACIÓN DE LA ARAUCANÍA: LA EXCLUSIÓN DEL LLEULLE (1862-1883)ARRIBA DEL CERRO O SOBRE EL HUMEDAL: PRODUCCIÓN DE NATURALEZA Y EXPANSIÓN INMOBILIARIA EN CIUDADES MARINAS Y FLUVIALES. EL CASO DE VALPARAÍSO Y VALDIVIA, CHILE índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

IBARRA CIFUENTES, Patricio; VILLAVICENCIO TEJO, Francisca  y  VALLADARES VEGA, Macarena. FOOD INTAKE OF THE CHILEAN SOLDIERS DURING THE WAR OF THE PACIFIC (1879-1883): A HISTORICAL AND NUTRITIONAL APPROACH. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2018, n.56, pp.75-85. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812018000200075.

The objective of this work is to determine the type and amount of food consumed by Chilean soldiers during the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), besides knowing part of the daily routine of nutrition. The methodology used was to characterize the type and calculate the ingredients and grammages of the foods consumed by the soldiers, described in chilean contemporary documents, then the amount of daily total energy and macronutrients ingested by soldiers was calculated. The results obtained showed a higher intake of energy (3867 Kcal v/s 2688 Kcal) and macronutrients during the stay of the barracks than in the camp. There is a more variability in the type of food during the stay in the barracks, eating beans (350 g), crushed wheat (120 g) and fresh potatoes (150 g) things that they did not ingest during camp. The percentage of carbohydrates and proteins consumed by soldiers (barracks and camp) are within the range established today, however, lipid levels are above the determined percentages.

Palabras clave : War of the Pacific; nutrition; energy intake; food composition; daily life.

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