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 número57VICTORIA O FRACASO: LA GUERRA DEL PACÍFICO Y LA AUTORREPRESENTACIÓN CONTEMPORÁNEA DE CHILE“¡EL MISMO INDIO ESTÁ HABLANDO!”: SOBRE EL INTERCAMBIO EPISTOLAR ENTRE HUGO BLANCO Y JOSÉ MARÍA ARGUEDAS índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

PALOMERA, Adriana  y  NORAMBUENA, Carmen. refuge and asylum of Bolivians during the Chilean dictatorship. 1973 AND 1975. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2018, n.57, pp.133-146. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812018000300133.

Our hypothesis is that Chile in the 1970’s presented two different scenarios. At first, it appeared as a reliable country, where one could migrate, go into exile or seek refuge, trusting that the socialist government could receive anyone who felt threatened in their home countries. After the 1973 military coup, the country’s socio-political conditions varied, whereupon people began to move out seeking political asylum or directly into exile. Under such circumstances, it is necessary to delve into the conceptual difference between one situation and another.

This article deals specifically with the experience of political refuge and asylum of Bolivian nationals in Chile during the presidency of Salvador Allende and the early years of military dictatorship.

Because refugee protection became a continent-wide problem, the involvement of international agencies such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Inter-Governmental Committeefor European Migrations, the National Committee for Refugee Aid and the United Nations, became mandatory.

The methodology applied is fundamentally based on documentary evidence, such as safe-conducts issued by Chile’s Ministry of Foreign Relations, which demonstrate a process that in this paper is defined as a “double refuge”.

Palabras clave : Chile; Bolivia; asylum; refuge..

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