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Estudios internacionales (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0719-3769

Resumen

FFRENCH-DAVIS, Ricardo. Chile and innovative financing for development: Making inclusive globalization. Estud. int. (Santiago, en línea) [online]. 2016, vol.48, n.183, pp.67-92. ISSN 0719-3769.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5354/0719-3769.2016.39881.

The present globalization is characterized by a severe volatility of financial flows, with social and economic costs. Since 2004, Chile participated in an international initiative seeking to improve financial globalization and to provide additional financing to fight poverty, contributing to the fulfillment of the commitments of the international community in the Monterrey Consensus for the Financing for Development signed in 2002. This article presents, first, an overview of financial globalization and the Monterrey Consensus. Then follows an analysis of the menu of "innovative financing" proposals and progresses achieved by the Initiative of International Action against Hunger and Poverty of which Chile was co-founder in 2004; the menu seeks to contribute to a more inclusive development and to discourage financial volatility. One proposal already implemented of a progressive levy on air travel tickets and allocation of proceeds to fight AIDS in poor countries is detailed; a brief analysis follows on the emission of special drawing rights by the IMF (DEG, and its partial concretion in 2009 to face the global crisis), a currency/financial transactions tax, and strengthening of fiscal accounts by fighting the tax evasion via the tax havens. It concludes stressing the relevance that North and South countries converge in renewed efforts to correct the course of globalization.

Palabras clave : Chile; globalization; financial volatility; Monterrey Consensus; financing for development; inclusion.

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