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Estudios internacionales (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0719-3769

Resumen

OVANDO SANTANA, Cristián  y  VARGAS ZURITA, Andrés. The bilateral Chilean diplomacy towards Bolivia in the 1950s around the territorial exchange seen from realistic debate and its critics. Estud. int. (Santiago, en línea) [online]. 2017, vol.49, n.188, pp.63-83. ISSN 0719-3769.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5354/0719-3769.2017.47920.

Bilateral relations between Bolivia and Chile could be analyzed using different theories of International Relations, and in various periods of time, depending on the approach one wish to use. Our main purpose is to study the 1950´s decade, called by some Chilean researchers the golden decade of the Bolivian and Chilean relations. However, in contrast with the most classical studies, our main objective is to reveal the difference between the central powers’ way of thinking, more attached to the realist (rationalist) theory, and the sub national actors’ way of thinking, which had, as we argue, an approach based on the reflectivist theory. We use the concept of Diplomacy as heterology as a tool to sustain our main point. This concept emphasizes the need for a peaceful coexistence with the other, way apart of the consubstantial differences that might apart the societies. In this case we refer to the cross-border regions of Bolivia and Chile, because those regions are the ones that could receive the benefits of an eventual solution of the problems, or the damage of a status quo policy emerged as a consequence of the historical conflict between the two countries.

Palabras clave : Diplomacy as Heterology; Chile-Bolivia; Cross-border Regions; Realism; Rationalism; Reflectivism; Tarapacá..

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