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Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral

versión On-line ISSN 0719-0107


CACCIUTTOLO-FABREGA, Franco; BIOTTI-PICAND, Jorge; GARCIA-NIETO, Juan Pablo  y  CORTEZ-CHAU, Fernanda. Contribution of dental adhesives in the rehabilitation of the edentulous patient. Narrative review. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2019, vol.12, n.3, pp.135-139. ISSN 0719-0107.


When performing the oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients using total prostheses, in some cases, a slight maladjustment of the prosthetic device within the oral cavity can compromise the chewing, swallowing and phonation functions. With the use of ancillary means such as dental adhesives, which allow the adhesion between the prosthesis and the mucosa, a better retention, stability and masticatory efficiency is achieved, and therefore, an increase in the quality of life of the patient.

Main objective:

To perform a narrative review to describe the contribution of the use of dental adhesives in patients with total dentures.


We searched the following databases, Pubmed, EBSCO, BEIC, Cochrane and Epistemonikos. The words “denture adhesive”, “dental adhesive”, “complete denture wearers”, “retention”, “support”, “stability”, “masticatory performance”, “Candida albicans” and “quality of life “ were searched electronically with the Boolean operator AND. Results: As a result, 394 articles were obtained, 85 of which were selected by title, of which the repeated articles were eliminated, leaving 32; then, the abstracts were read, leaving 22 articles. The remaining articles were read completely, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, ending with 14 articles. Finally, 5 randomized clinical trials, 3 non-randomized clinical trials, 2 prospective cohort observational studies, 3 in vivo articles and 1 in vitro study were included.


Dental adhesives have showed an increase in retention, stability, ability and masticatory efficiency in patients with total prostheses, regardless of their presentation. Through its use, it has been demonstrated that total denture wearers have been able to improve their quality of life, even patients with recently installed prostheses.

Palabras clave : Dentures; Adhesive; Retention; Stability; Chewing efficiency; Stomatitis subprosthesis.

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