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Revista de cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 2452-4557versión On-line ISSN 2452-4549

Resumen

OLIVERA I., Michel et al. Oculoplastic Pathology: Experience of 7 years in Hospital of the Public Health System of Chile. Rev. cir. [online]. 2019, vol.71, n.2, pp.129-135. ISSN 2452-4557.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s2452-45492019000200129.

Introduction:

The oculoplastic surgery studies and treats disorders of the eyelids, orbit and lacrimal ways. Among the most important pathologies by frequency and impact are: palpebral ptosis, blepharochalasis, ectropion and entropion.

Aim:

Analyze the experience of El Pino Hospital regarding the management of oculoplastic pathology in the hands of a plastic surgeon.

Materials and Method:

Descriptive and retrospective study. We reviewed files of patients operated with diagnosis of blepharochalasis, palpebral ptosis, ectropion and entropion between the years 2010 and 2017. Data were analyzed as age, sex, comorbidities, cause of the defect, oculoplastic surgery, type of anesthesia, postoperative complication, follow-up time and results.

Results:

Between the years 2010 and 2017, 79 patients with oculoplastic pathology operated, 17 for palpebral ptosis, 42 for blefarochalasis, 14 for ectropion and 6 for entropion, being the main senile cause (93,7%). The surgeries performed were: elevator pexis for palpebral ptosis, blepharoplasty for blefarochalasis and for ectropion-entropion tarsal strip. The main anesthetic technique used was local anesthesia + sedation (54,4%). Among the total postoperative complications, we have: lagophthalmos (2 cases), residual ectropion (3 cases), conjunctivitis (3 cases), wound dehiscence (2 cases) and palpebral hematoma (1 case). Six patients were reoperated due to complications. The results obtained according to the subjective evaluation of the plastic surgeon were regular (5 cases), good (20 cases) and very good (54 cases).

Conclusion:

Management of oculoplastic pathology requires mostly ambulatory surgeries with good results and low morbidity, which is feasible to perform in a public hospital. We believe it is necessary to use some objective instrument to better evaluate the palpebral defects and their correction.

Palabras clave : oculoplastic pathology; blepharochalasis; palpebral ptosis; blepharoplasty; pexia levator.

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