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International journal of interdisciplinary dentistry

versión impresa ISSN 2452-5596versión On-line ISSN 2452-5588


VIAL, Catalina et al. Training effect of the masticatory muscles in the development of the vertical facial pattern in children: narrative review. Int. j interdiscip. dent. [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.2, pp.80-83. ISSN 2452-5596.


The pattern of facial growth is established before the eruption of the first permanent molar. An excess of vertical facial growth corresponds to individuals with long faces, open gonial angles, higher inferior facial heights and smaller masticatory muscles associated with different dental anomalies like anterior open bite, Brodie bite, skeletal class II and others. The masticatory muscle training could control the excessive growth in the vertical dimension, making opposing forces that will favor the horizontal growth in the patient.


Describe the effect of the masticatory muscle training in the development of the vertical pattern in children.


A narrative review was done by an electronic research in PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, Cochrane, Trip Database y Epistemonikos. The following key words were used: “masticatory muscles”, “masseter”, “temporalis”, “mastication”, “chewing”, “exercise”, “training”, “vertical growth”, “vertical pattern”, “dolichofacial”, “vertical control”. The MeSH terms: “masticatory muscles”, “exercise”.


Fifteen articles were selected, 9 of them were clinical trials, 4 were case reports and 2 were observational studies. Conclusions: The literature review shows that the masticatory muscle training has positive effects, favoring the horizontal growth in children with vertical facial pattern. Nevertheless, there is a lack of studies and clinical trials, that could help us to establish and quantify the morphological changes made by the masticatory muscle training.

Palabras clave : Masticatory muscles; Exercise; Training; Vertical pattern; Vertical control; Dolichofacial.

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