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International journal of interdisciplinary dentistry

versión impresa ISSN 2452-5596versión On-line ISSN 2452-5588

Resumen

RIGO, Lilian et al. Periodontal conditions and factors associated with the probing depth in patients from a faculty in southern Brazil. Int. j interdiscip. dent. [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.3, pp.135-139. ISSN 2452-5596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S2452-55882020000300135.

Objectives:

To evaluate periodontal clinical signs and investigate the probing depth levels (PD) and associated factors in patients attending the Dental Clinics of the Faculty IMED, located in a municipality in southern Brazil.

Material and Methods:

The data were collected of 193 records of patients who demand dental care in the Dental Clinics for periodontal treatment, in the period 2017- 2018: sociodemographic data, oral hygiene habits, tobacco use and chronic diseases. The clinical data were: gingival bleeding index (GBI), visible plaque index (VPI) and PD. The statistical analyzed the relationship between probing depth and exposure variables, using a linear regression linear model (p-value<0.05).

Results:

The majority of the patients attended were female (63.2%) and 40.8 years old on average (± 14.58). The descriptive results of VPI, GBI e PD were: 39.11 ± 32.28%, 21.81 ± 22.43%, and 2.91 ± 1.09mm, respectively. After adjustments in the multiple regression model, it was observed that diabetes and quantity of cigarettes smoked had an influence on PD.

Conclusions:

The results obtained in this research allowed to verify a high index of VPI and GBI in the patients. The mean PD of the individuals was low, however, it was possible to verify that having diabetes and smoking a large amount of cigarettes daily were predictive factors of higher levels of PD.

Palabras clave : Periodontal Disease; Gingivitis; Periodontal Index; Diabetes Mellitus; Cardiovascular Diseases; Smokers; Alcoholics.

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