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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Chungará (Arica) v.38 n.1 Arica jun. 2006 

Chungara, Revista de Antropología Chilena
Volumen 38, Nº 1, 2006. Páginas 3-4




Calogero M. Santoro1 y Vivien G. Standen1

1 Centro de Investigaciones del Hombre en el Desierto; Departamento de Antropología, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile.;


Volume 38, issue 1 of Chungara Revista de Antropología Chilena contains four articles, three monographic reports and three book reviews. It also includes two accounts dedicated to the memory of Olaff Olmos, archaeologist from Iquique, who was concerned up until the last minute of his life with the most marginal segments of society.

The first article by Germán Manríquez, Fermín E. González-Bergás, Juan Carlos Salinas and Oscar Espoueys presents the results of studies on artificial head deformation based on the application of X-ray techniques adapted from current medical procedures. The authors contribute an improved method for both observation and description of this ancient cultural practice among prehistoric populations of Northern Chile. The second article by Sergio González proposes a novel hypothesis about the origin of the religious ceremony known as La Tirana, a most revered cultural event and center for urban and rural interactions located in Northern Chile. Using historical documents, González illustrates the cultural impact, coming from low status Andean laborers, on the emergent nitrate industry in the XIXth century. These Andean cultural expressions and ideologies have been sustained into the present in the ceremonies at this popular event. In this way Andean lower class workers assert their existence and become visible within the larger social fabric. This contrasts with other better known social groups linked to the history of labor organization movements in South America, and to the origin of leftist political parties in the XXth century. The third article by Gerardo Fernández Juárez focuses on the violent ritual contexts of kharisiris among modern Aymara societies. The author links these rituals of ceremonial blood offering (waxt'as and wilanchas), and mythical characters, to ancient cultural identity processes and to contemporary Aymara society. The fourth article by Richard C. Sutter is an analysis of biological distance based on nonmetric dental markers from Andean prehistoric populations that the author compared with those from the Azapa Valley in Northern Chile. This represents an independent methodological approach for characterizing and explaining the origin of prehistoric populations in Northern Chile, and its relation to processes of cultural continuity and discontinuities.

In the monographic report section, Agustín Llagostera presents an exhaustive description and classification of wooden trays of Tiwanaku epoch from the Atacama region. The author provides detailed illustrations that he uses for contextual, iconographic and chronological analyses. The author demonstrates that a wide variety of the iconography displayed by the trays is not related to Tiwanaku cosmology. The second report, by Lidio M. Valdez, Jocelyn S. Williams y Katrina J. Bettcher, presents analysis of Wari human remains and mortuary patterns, from Ayacucho, allowing improved description and interpretation. The third report, by Henry Tantaleán, focuses on ceremonial towers, chullpas, in the context of the social, political and ideological interaction between the Inka and the Lupaqa kingdom in the Lake Titicaca region.

Book reviews include comments by Manuel Gándara and Francisco Gallardo who review Luis Guillermo Lumbreras's book Arqueología y Sociedad, edited by Enrique González Carré y Carlos del Aguila; published by the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Antropología, and INDEA, Lima, 2005. Carlos Madariaga, Vivian Gavilán, Patricia Vigueras and Vesw Madariaga, review Salud e Interculturalidad en América Latina. Perspectivas Antropológicas, by Gerardo Fernández Juárez, published by Abya-Yala, 2004; furthermore Luis A. Vargas presents a general overview on the topic of the same book. Axel Nielsen comments on José Berenguer's book Caravanas, Interacción y Cambio en el Desierto de Atacama, Sirawi Ediciones, 2004.

San Miguel de Azapa, marzo 2006.

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