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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9707

J. Chil. Chem. Soc. vol.58 no.3 Concepción set. 2013 





1 Departamento de Química, Universidad de Antofagasta, Av. Angamos 601, Antofagasta, Chile. * e-mail:
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica del Norte, Av. Angamos 0610, Antofagasta, Chile.
Departamento de Física, Universidad de Antofagasta, Av. Angamos 601, Antofagasta, Chile
Institut für Anorganische Chemie, J. W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 7, 60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany.


Reaction of L (L=butane-1,2-diyl bis(pyridine-3-carboxylate) with AgBF4 in a 1:1 ratio afforded crystals of [Ag(L)(BF4)] which proved to be a one-dimensional linear polymeric chain. This compound crystallizes in the space group C2/c. In the crystal structure the linear chains are connected to another one via hydrogen bonds involving C15 as the donor atom, and O1 of the carboxylate group as the acceptor atom, thereby generating R22(20) centrosymmetric rings to form a two-dimensional supramolecular aggregate. The thermogravimetric analysis shows that this compound is thermally stable up to 298 °C. The decomposition process is produced in one stage. The weight loss occurs from 298 to 780 °C, which is attributable to the complete removal of the ligand molecule and BF4 anion.



The rational design and construction of functional coordination polymers have recently witnessed explosive growth in the areas of inorganic chemistry, coordination chemistry, crystal engineering, and materials science, not only due to their intrinsic aesthetic value but also to their potential applications in catalysis, gas storage, molecular adsorption, optical and magnetic materials1-5. In general, the construction of these polymers is influenced by many factors such as the coordination geometry of metal center, the nature of the ligand, solvent, template, counter anions, temperature, and other factors. Among these, the judicious selection of appropriate ligands plays a key role in the manipulation of the structures of coordination polymers6,7. Although the overall structure is predominantly controlled by the coordination preferences of the transition metal and the ligand building blocks, more subtle effects such as anion control and n-n stacking interactions8-10 have also been seen to have a profound effect upon the network topology. Herein, we report the synthesis, crystal structure and the thermal study of a new coordination polymer, formed by the reaction of the ditopic flexible butane-1,4-diyl-bis(pyridine-3-carboxylate) ligand15 (Scheme 1) with the silver tetrafluoroborate salt.

Scheme 1. Schematic structure of L (L = butane-1,4- diyl- bis(pyridine-3-carboxylate)).


All chemicals used in this work were analytical reagent grade and employed as supplied without further purification, except the ligand which was synthesized by us, see Scheme 2. The ligand L was prepared in 75% yield, as a white solid by reaction of 1,4-butanediol and nicotinic chloride, and was characterized by FTIR & UV- vis spectroscopy and by x-ray crystallography on single crystal15.

Scheme 2. Reagents and reaction conditions for the synthesis of L.

Synthesis: Single crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction study for the title compound were obtained from a AgBF4 solution (39 mg, 0.2 mmol) in H2O (10 ml), which was added to a CH3CN (10 ml) solution of L (30.0 mg, 1 mmol). The clear solution was kept for many days at room temperature until crystals formed. Colourless crystals of [Ag(L)(BF4)] were collected with approximately 75% yield.

X- ray Structure Analysis:

Single crystal analysis data were collected on a Stoe IPDS-II two-circle Diffractometer with MoKa radiation. Data collection: X-AREA16; cell refinement X-AREA16; data reduction: X-AREA16. Program used to solve structure, program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL9717; molecular graphics: XP in SHELXTL-Plus17 & OLEX218, software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL9716. Crystal dimension of C16H16AgN2O4BF4 0.33x 0.29x0.27 mm3. All H atoms were located in difference maps and their positions and isotropic displacements parameters of 1.2 times those of the attached atoms. Additional data collection and refinement details are given in Table 1. Supplementary information: Crystallographic data (excluding structure factors) for the structural analysis have been deposited in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, CCDC 916340. These data can be obtained free of charge from the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre; Postal Address : CCDC, 12 Union Road , Cambridge CB21EZ, UK, Telephone: (44) 01223 762910, Fax: (44) 01223 336033, e-mail:

Table 1. Crystal data and structure refinement for C16H16AgBF4N2O4.

Spectral Characterization: FTIR spectra were obtained with a Nicolet Avatar 330 spectrometer, using KBr pellets, in the range 4000-400 cm-1. The UV-vis spectra were recorded on an Perkin Elmer Lambda 20 Spectrophotometer with diffuse reflectance sphere in the range of 200-400 nm in the solid state at room temperature.

Termogravimetric study: Thermal stability (TG-DTA) studies were performed with a DTG-60H (Shimadzu) thermal analyzer from room temperature to 800 °C, with a heating rate of 10 °C /min.


The characteristic feature of the FTIR spectra of L and the coordination polymer is the strong absorption around 1720-1727 cm-1 which corresponds to the stretching vibration of the C=O group. The absorption band around 1601-1610 cm-1 corresponds to the stretching vibration of the C=N group in the pyridine ring. The relatively high frequency for the C=N group with respect to the free ligand (1589 cm-1) suggests that the nitrogen atom of the C=N group in the pyridine ring participates in the coordination to the metal atom, which is confirmed by X-ray crystallography. In the title compound, the characteristic band appearing at 1056 cm-1 indicates the existence of the BF4- anion, Figure 1.

Figure 1. FT-IR spectrum for the title compound.

The electronic absorption spectrum of the title compound was measured in the solid state at room temperature (Figure 2). When the silver ions are coordinated, a red shift relative to the absorption bands corresponding to L is observed in the spectrum of title compound, and an additional absorption band appears around 322-326 nm, probably due to a transition of a metal to ligand charge transfer state (MLCT)14a.

Figure 2. Diffuse reflectance spectra of L and [(AgL)BF4.

Reaction of L with AgBF4 in a 1:1 ratio afforded crystals of [Ag(L)(BF4)], which proved to be the one-dimensional linear polymeric chain, shown in Figure 3(a). As shown in Figure 3(c), each Ag (I) center is coordinated by two symmetry-related N and F atoms. The coordination environment of the silver(I) ion is pseudo-square planar and with a deviation of Ag(I) from the least-squares plane through the two N and two F atoms of 0.310Å, Table 2. The Ag-F distance is the van der Waals' limit. The Ag-N bond distance is 2.151(2) Å, typical value for Ag(I)-N(py) coordination distances11-13. The bond angle N-Ag(I)-N of 167.46(11)° is indicative of the presence of a distortion from linearity. The Ag(I)-Ag(I) separation across L is 18.259(2) Å.

Figure 3. (a) Part of the crystal structure of the title compound, showing one dimensional linear polymeric chains. (b) Connections via hydrogen bonds (Symmetry code: (i) x, y, -1 + z).

Figure 3. (c) Coordination sphere of the Ag (I) ion (symmetry codes: #2 -x, y, -z+1/2 ; #3 -1/2+x, 1/2-y, -1/2+z ; #4 1/2-x, 1/2-y, 1-z)


Table 2. Selected bond lengths [Å] and angles [°] for C16H16AgBF4N2O4.
Symmetry codes: #1 -x+1, y, -z+1/2; #2 -x, y, -z+1/2; #3 -1/2 +x,1/2-y, -1/2+z; #4 1/2-x,1/2-y, 1-z

In the compound, the linear chains are connected between them via hydrogen bonds involving C15, as donor atom and O1 atom of the carboxylate group as acceptor, thereby generating R22(20) centrosymmetric rings14 to form a two-dimensional supramolecular aggregate, Figure 3(b) (H15ˑˑˑO1 (x, y, -1+z) 2.44 Å, C15ˑˑˑO1 3.147(3) Å, C15-H15ˑˑˑO1 131°). In the title compound the butane moiety of L losses the trans conformation relative to the ligand free15.

Figure 4 shows the thermal behavior of the studied compound. The thermogravimetric analysis shows that the compound is thermally stable up to 298 °C. The decomposition process is produced in one stage. The weight loss occurs from 298 to 780 °C, which is attributable to the complete removal of the ligand molecule and BF4 anion (calcd. 78.2%; found 77.8%). The final residue is attributable to a silver compound of unknown composition.

Figure 4. TGA curve.


The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support to Universidad de Antofagasta for the purchase of a License of the Cambridge Structural Database system 2013. JV. thanks Universidad de Antofagasta for a PhD fellowship.



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(Received: March 25, 2013 - Accepted: May 14, 2013)


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