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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

On-line version ISSN 0717-9707

J. Chil. Chem. Soc. vol.62 no.1 Concepción Mar. 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072017000100009 

 

SYNTHESIS, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MERCURY(II) COMPLEX CONTAINING 2-(AMINOMETHYL)PYRIDINE AND BROMIDE

 

SADIF A. SHIRVAN* FEREYDOON KHAZALI, SARA HAYDARI DEZFULI, AND ALI BORSALANI

Department of Chemistry, Omidieh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Omidieh, Iran
* e-mail: s.shirvan2015@gmail.com


ABSTRACT

The new complex of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1) was synthesized from the reaction of HgBr2 with 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine (2-AMPy) in methanolic solution. Suitable crystals of 1 for diffraction experiment was obtained by slow evaporation from DMSO. Resulted complex was characterized by IR, elemental analysis, thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. In this compound, two five-coordinated mercury centers in the cationic parts have slightly and highly distorted square-based pyramidal geometries by the trigonal-indexes, τ5, of 0.18 and 0.49, respectively. According to four-coordinate geometry index, τ4, of 0.95, anionic part has perfect tetrahedral geometry.

Keywords: Hg(II), 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine ligand, crystal structure, thermal gravimetric analyses.


 

INTRODUCTION

2-(Aminomethyl)pyridine ligand, 2-AMPy, as an N,N'-bidentate ligand containing both aromatic pyridine aliphatic amine donor function, Scheme 1, is well-known. There are many reports on the coordination chemistry of different metals including this ligand. But it is to be noted, there is only one report on the complexation of mercury to this ligand.1

 

Scheme 1. 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine
ligand, 2-AMPy.

 

On the other hand, crystal structure of five mercury complexes with the formula of of [Hg(N-N)2X] have been reported including 2,2'-bipyridine, 1,10-phenanthroline, 3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-(4-nitrophenyl)triazenide molecules as N-N bidentate ligands and pyridien, thiocyanate, saccharinato and trillate as mono-dentate ligand.1-4 [Hg(bipy)2(CF3COO)] has been reported in Halfpenny and Small in 1997 by two different counter cations.2 In 2004, Mahjoub and co-workers has been reported structure of [Hg(bipy)2(SCN)].3 Crystal structures of [Hg(phen)2(sach)] and [Hg(triAz)2(py)] have been studied by Batsanov et al. and Horner et.al. in 20114 and 20065, respectively. In these formula, "bipy" is 2,2'-bipyridine, "phen" is 1,10-phenanthroline, "py" is pyridien, "sach" is saccharinato and "triAz" is 3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-(4-nitrophenyl)triazenide). So there is no structural reports with the formula of [Hg(2-AMPy)2X] (where "2-AMPy" is 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine) in the literature. On the other hand there is only one report on the complexation of mercury to this ligand by the formula of [Hg(2-AMPy)2(sach)2].1 In Yilmaz and co-workers paper in 2004, a bis(saccharinato) complex of mercury(II) with 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine was synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Herein, we report the synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of a new mercury(II) complex containing 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine as an example of five-coordinated Hg complexes containing this ligand.

EXPERIMENTAL

Materials and Physical Methods

HgBr2 and 2-(Aminomethyl)pyridine were purchased from Aldrich and used as received. Other materials were purchased from Merck and used without further purification. Infrared spectra (4000-250 cm-1) of solid samples were taken as 1% dispersion in CsI pellets using a Shimadzu-470 spectrometer. Elemental analysis was performed using a Heraeus CHN-O Rapid analyzer.

Melting point was obtained by a Kofler Heizbank Rechart type 7841 melting point apparatus.

Synthesis of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1)

2-(Aminomethyl)pyridine (0.4 ml, 4 mmol) and HgBr2 (1.08 g, 3 mmol) were dissolved separately in methanol (25 ml) and then mixed. Resulted solution was stirred 48 h at room temperature. A white precipitate formed that was filtered off. Suitable crystals for X-ray diffraction measurement were obtained by slow evaporation from DMSO over two weeks (yield 1.00 g, 68.0%, m.p. 270 °C-decomposed). IR (CsI, cm-1): 3320w, 3260w, 1579w, 1481w, 1428m, 1286m, 1152s, 995s, 922s, 767s, 713m, 632m, 457s and 406s. Anal. Calcd. C, 19.04; H, 2.13; N, 7.41. Found: C, 19.09; H, 2.20; N, 7.45%.

Crystallographic Data Collection and Structure Determination

The X-ray diffraction measurement was made on a Bruker APEX II CCD (Karlsruhe, Germany) area detector diffractometer at 298 K and with Mo-Ka radiation, graphite monochromator, λ = 0.71073Å. The structure of 1 was solved by SHELX-97 and absorption correction was done using the SADABS programs.6 Data collection, cell refinement, and data reduction was done by APEX II, SAINT, SHELXTL, PLATON, and MERCURY software.6-9

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Synthesis and characterization of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Cl]2.HgCl4 (1)

Complex 1 was synthesized by the reaction of 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine (2-AMePy) and HgBr2 and in 4:3 molar ratio in methanol at room temperature during 48 h, as shown in below scheme:

 

Suitable crystals for X-ray diffraction analysis of 1, was obtained for X-ray diffraction measurement by slow evaporation from DMSO solution after two weeks.

Spectroscopic characterization of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1)

IR absorptions of 1 have been listed in the experimental part. The infrared spectrum for this complex shows several bands in the region of 3320-3260 cm' 1, which are assigned to the C-H stretching vibrations of the pyridine ring and CH2 group. The stretching of C=C and C=N in the pyridine moiety appears at 1579 and 1481 cm-1. It is notable that strong bands at the region of 1286-632 cm-1 correspond to the H2C-NH2 stretching, H-N-H wagging and deformation of C=C=N and C=C=C in the pyridine rings.10-13 Far infrared spectrum of complex 1 was recorded between 500 and 300 cm-1. Vibrations that apear at 457 and 406 cm-1 can be corresponde to Hg-Br and Hg-N stretchings vibrations.14

Thermal studies of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1)

The thermal stability of 1 has been determined on single-crystalline samples between 30-550 °C in an air atmosphere with a heating rate of 10 °C min-1 by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Figure 1. The TGA curve shows that compound 1 decomposed in two steps. In the first one, chemical decomposition starts at about 95 °C and ends around 120 °C with the weight loss of ~30% corresponds to the removing of 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine ligand (calcd. 28.6%). Second one starts at about 210 °C and ends around 280 °C with the weight loss of ~31% corresponds to the removing of iodine ligands (calcd. 31.7%). The remaining weight of ~40% is corresponded to the HgO (calcd. 39.8 %).

 

Figure 1. Thermogravimetric analysis of
[Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1).

 

Table 1. Crystallographic and structure refinement data
for [Hg(2-AMPyXBr]2.HgBr4 (1).

 

Single crystal X-ray diffraction study of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1)

The asymmetric unit and the atom numbering scheme for complex 1 is shown in Figure 2. Selected bond distances and bond angles of interest are listed in Table 2. This compound crystallizes in the triclinic Pī space group. The crystal is comprised of discrete units composed of two [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]+ cations and one [HgBr4]2- dianion. In the anionic part of this compound, [HgBr4]2-, coordination environment around Hg3 atom is almost perfect tetrahedral with four-coordinated index, τ4, of 0.95.15 The cation part of compound 1 consists of two different Hg (II) complexes, part A, including Hg1 atom and part B containing Hg2 atom. So, in 1, each asymmetric unit consists of three crystallographically independent Hg(II) centers, six bromide ions, and four neutral 2-AMPy ligands. In part A, Hg1 is in a highly distorted square-based pyramidal geometry, SBP, with trigonality index, τ5,16 of 0.49, coordinated by two 2-AMPy ligands and one Br atom in which three nitrogen atoms of two bidentate 2-AMPy ligands (N1, N2, N4) and the Br atom, Bri, occupy equatorial positions, whereas the fourth N atom of NH2 groupon ligand, N7, occupies the axial position. The Hgl atom is displaced 0.190(3) Å above the mean basal plane in the direction of an axial N2. On the other hand, in part B, Hg2 is in a slightly distorted square-based pyramidal geometry, SBP, with trigonality index, τ5, of 0.18, coordinated by two 2-AMPy ligands and one Br atom in which three nitrogen atoms of two bidentate 2-AMPy ligands (N5, N6, N8) and the Br atom, Br2, occupy equatorial positions, whereas the fourth N atom of NH2 groupon ligand, N7, occupies the axial position. The Hg2 atom is displaced 0.271(3)Å above the mean basal plane in the direction of an axial N7. In this compound, the Hg-N bond distances are ranged from 2.23(2) Å to 2.46(2) Å, Table 2, that is similar to those reported by Yilmaz and co-workers for bis(saccharinato) complex of mercury(II) with 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine. [1] It is notable that the bond distance difference between Hg-Npy and Hg-Namine is less than 0.32 Å, while the same difference in Yilmaz and co-workers repport for bis(saccharinato) complex of mercury(II) with 2-(aminomethyl) pyridine is about 0.5 Å. Here, also the Hg-Namine distance, (Hgl-N1 = 2.23(2), Hg1-N3 = 2.362(19), Hg2-N5 = 2.33(2)and Hg2-N7 = 2.40(3) Å), is slightly shorter than the Hg- N distance, (Hg1-N2 = 2.55(2), Hg1-N4 = 2.452(19), Hg2-N6 = 2.37(2) and"Hg2-N8 = 2.46(2) Å). The Hg-N and Hg-Cl bond distances are in normal ranges.1-5

 

Figure 2. The labeled diagram of [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1).
Thermal ellipsoids are at 30% probability level. Hydrogens are
omitted for clarity

 

Table 2. Bond distances (Å) and bond angles (°) for
[Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.
HgBr4 (1).

 

In the crystal packing of this compound, adjacent cationic mercury parts are linked by N-H...Br hydrogen bonds to form a ID linear chain spaning along the a-axis, Figure 3(a), Table 3. These ID linear chains are interact with adjacent chains through N-H.Br intermolecular interaction to generate 2D sheets structure, Figure 3(b), Table 3. Adjacent 2D sheets are further linked to each other to form overall supramolecular structure by cooperation of C-H. Br and N-H.. .Br hydrogen bonds and π... π interactions, Figure 3(c), Table 3.

 

Figure 3. Crystal packing diagram for [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1).
(a) formation of l-D linear chains through N-H... Br hydrogen bonds
in a-direction, (b) formation of 2-D sheets by N-H... Br hydrogen
bonds between [Hg(2-AMPy)2Br] of each linear chains and HgBr4
moeities and (c) generation of 3-D structures by cooperation
between C-H...Br, N-H...Br and ππ intermolecular interactions.
Intermolecular interactions are shown as dashed lines. Different
colors show different adjacent chains or sheets.

 

Table 3. Hydrogen-bond and pC14-18/N6…pC14-18/N6
geometry for [Hg(2- AMPy)2Br]2.HgBr4 (1) in the crystal
packing (Å,°).

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We would like to thank the Graduate Study Councils of Islamic Azad University, Omidiyeh Bbranch, for financial support.

 

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