SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.52 issue1Identification of suitable areas for the larval development of the Pacific mackerel (Scomber japonicus) in the southern portion of the California CurrentA new record and molecular characterization of the Green Turtle Chelonia mydas (Testudines, Cheloniidae) in Sicilian coastal waters author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Revista de biología marina y oceanografía

On-line version ISSN 0718-1957

Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. vol.52 no.1 Valparaíso Apr. 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-19572017000100013 

 

NOTA CIENTÍFICA

 

Vertebral deformities in hardhead catfish Ariopsis felis (Siluriformes: Ariidae) in the southeastern Mexico

Deformidades vertebrales en el bagre Ariopsis felis (Siluriformes: Ariidae) en el sureste de México

 

Armando T. Wakida-Kusunoki1 and Luis Enrique Amador del Ángel2

1Instituto Nacional de Pesca, Centro Regional de Investigación Acuícola y Pesquera de Yucalpetén. Boulevard del Pescador s/n esquina Antigua Carretera a Chelem Yucalpetén, 97320, Yucatán, México. armandowakida@yahoo.com.mx
2Universidad Autónoma del Carmen, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Centro de Investigación de Ciencias Ambientales (CICA), Avenida Laguna de Términos s/n Colonia Renovación 2da Sección, Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche, 24155, México. leamador@yahoo.com


ABSTRACT

On 2 July, 2014 in the docking of the Copesmar fishing cooperative in Frontera, Tabasco, Mexico, an Ariopsis felis specimen was captured, which displayed kyphosis and scoliosis of the vertebral column, diagnosed by high resolution X-ray. This is the first report of axial skeleton deformities in the genus Ariopsis.

Key words: Ariidae, Ariopsis felis, vertebral malformations, spinal deformity, Southeastern Mexico


INTRODUCTION

Vertebral deformities can be scoliosis (abnormal lateral curvature), lordosis (excessive inward curvature), kyphosis (excessive outward curvature) and ankylosis (abnormal stiffening and immobility of joint due to fusion of bones) (Fagbuaro & Oso 2011).

In natural populations, vertebral abnormalities are related sewage and industrial effluents (Lemly 1993), exposure to chemicals (Liem et al. 1997) and biological and physical factors such as parasitism (Yokoyama et al. 2004) and mechanic trauma for attack from predators (Amitabh & Firoz-Ahmed 2010). Several cases of vertebral deformities have been reported in catfish (Table 1), but until now no record of a hardhead catfish Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus, 1766) has been reported.

 

Table 1. Deformities reports in Siluriformes
Table 1. Reportes de deformidades en Siluriformes

 

The hardhead catfish Ariopsis felis is a tropical benthic fish distributed in coastal waters from North Carolina to Florida and throughout the Gulf of Mexico to the Yucatán peninsula (Acero 2002). This species is generally found mostly in estuaries, through the surf zone and into near-coastal waters of the shelf and river mouths, over muddy bottoms, or at least in murky waters (Acero 2002).

The hardhead catfish is a dominant species in the coast and coastal lagoon of Tabasco and Campeche (Ayala-Pérez et al. 2003) and it is a one commercial fish species in Southeastern Mexico, its landings represent about 2.5-3.4% of the longline small scale fishery of Tabasco (Mendoza-Carranza et al. 2012). In the current fish species, the first record of vertebral deformities is presented.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Ariopsis felis specimen was caught with a cast net 3 m in diameter and 7.6 cm mesh size during July 2, 2014 in the docking of the Copesmar fishing cooperative in Frontera, Tabasco, Mexico (18°32'12.74''N-92°39'19.98''E). This place is under great influence from the sea by proximity of the Usumacinta River mouth.

The total length (mm) and weight (g) of hardhead catfish was measured and was then frozen and transported to the laboratory. The fresh specimen (lateral and dorsal aspect) was radiographed using a medical X-ray system and the radiographs were used to evaluate the anomalies observed (vertebrae and caudal bones). The specimen was deposited in the Colección ictiológica regional de referencia UMDI Sisal under catalog number CIRR-UMDI-Sisal-355.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

At the posterior region of the present fish vertebral anomalies were visible immediately after capture, with the spine curved in one or more places (Fig. 1). According to X-ray radiographs (Fig. 2), 2 types of spinal deformity, kyphosis and scoliosis, were determined. The specimen with vertebral deformities has a total length of 250 mm.

 

Figure 1. Lateral view X-ray radiographs of Ariopsis felis from Frontera,
Tabasco (Mexico), a) normal and b) with kyphosis-scoliosis

Figura 1. Radiografías de la vista lateral de Ariopsis felis de Frontera,
Tabasco (México), a) normal y b) con cifosis-escoliosis

 

Figure 2. Dorsal view X-ray radiographs of Ariopsis felis from Frontera,
Tabasco (Mexico), a) with kyphosis-scoliosis and b) normal
Figura 2. Radiografías de la vista dorsal de Ariopsis felis de Frontera,
Tabasco (México), a) con cifosis-escoliosis y b) normal

 

Skeletal deformities can be physical and/ or environmentally induced. Physical causes can be from mechanic trauma and attack from predators (Amitabh & Firoz 2010). By environment can be by alteration of the biological processes necessary for maintaining the biochemical integrity of bone, as many organic contaminants, such as organochlorines, polychlorinated biphenyls and fluorinated herbicides (Mehrle & Mayer 1975) or neuromuscular effects, which lead to deformities without a chemical change in vertebral composition as some metal such as cadmium, zinc, mercury and lead can also affect the neuromuscular system (Sauer & Watanabe 1984).

Specifically to Siluriformes, some studies mention that the causes of skeletal deformities may be the exposure to malathion and other chemicals (Srivastava & Srivastava 1990), poor immune response or fluctuations in water quality, or accidental injuries during the life cycle (Marimuthu et al. 2000). However, because of the isolated observations and lack of data on the aquatic environment, we cannot establish any correlation between any environmental anomalies. In the present study, perhaps no single factor could be attributed as the cause of vertebral column deformities.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We acknowledge the National Fishery Institute (INAPESCA) for the financial support for project No. 057-04C. We also thank the anonymous reviewer's suggestions and recommendations.

LITERATURE CITED

Acero A. 2002. Ariidae: sea catfishes. In: Carpenter KE (ed). The living marine resources of the western central Atlantic. Volume 2. Bony fishes part 1 (Ascipenseridae to Grammatidae. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologist Special Publication 5: 831-852. FAO, Rome.         [ Links ]

Alarape SA, TO Hussein, EV Adetunji & OK Adeyemo. 2015. Skeletal and other morphological abnormalities in cultured Nigerian African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell 1822). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2(5): 20-25.         [ Links ]

Amitabh H & M Firoz-Ahmed. 2010. A wild specimen of Indian Carp, Cirrhinus mrigala (Ham) 1822 with multiple vertebral deformities. World Journal of Zoology 5: 167-177.         [ Links ]

Ayala-Pérez LA, J Ramos-Miranda & D Flores-Hernández. 2003. La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada. Revista de Biología Tropical 51: 783-794.         [ Links ]

Benaduce APS, D Kochhann, EMM Flores, VL Dressler & B Baldisserotto. 2008. Toxicity of Cadmium for Silver Catfish Rhamdia quelen (Heptapteridae) embryos and larvae at different alkalinities. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 54: 274-282.         [ Links ]

Chaube R, G Gautam & K Joy. 2013. Teratogenic effects of 4-nonylphenol on early embryonic and larval development of the catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 64(4): 554-561.         [ Links ]

Eissa AE, M Moustafa, IN El-Husseiny, S Saeid, O Saleh & T Borhan. 2009. Identification of some skeletal deformities in freshwater teleosts raised in Egyptian aquaculture. Chemosphere 77(3): 419-425.         [ Links ]

Estivals G, C García-Dávila & MJ Darias. 2015. Description of the skeletal anatomy of reared juveniles of Pseudoplatystoma punctifer (Castelnau, 1855) with notes on skeletal anomalies. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 31: 88-97.         [ Links ]

Fagbuaro O & JA Oso. 2011. Skeletal malformations among the Clarias species from fish mongers in Ekiti state. Continental Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 5: 32-37.         [ Links ]

Flores-Lopes F & GM Reuss-Strenzel. 2011. Frequency of morphological alterations in the fish of Lake Guaíba and its application to environmental monitoring. Bioikos 25(1): 11-23.         [ Links ]

Fujimoto RY, RFB Santos & DJ Carneiro. 2013. Morphological deformities in the osseous structure in spotted sorubim Pseudoplatystoma coruscans (Agassiz & Spix, 1829) with vitamin C deficiency. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 85(1): 379-384.         [ Links ]

Hernández DR, JJ Santinon, S Sánchez & HA Domitrovic. 2013. Crecimiento, supervivencia e incidencia de malformaciones óseas en distintos biotipos de Rhamdia quelen durante la larvicultura. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 41(5): 877-887.         [ Links ]

Huang C, X-Y Tan, K Wu, Q-L Chen, M-Q Zhuo, Y-X Pan & Y-F Song. 2016. Osteological development and anomalies in larval stage of hatchery-reared yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. Aquaculture Research 47: 1125-1140.         [ Links ]

Lemly AD. 1993. Teratogenic effects of Selenium in natural populations of fresh water fish. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 26: 181-204.         [ Links ]

Liem NT, D Adriaens & CR Janssen. 1997. Morphological abnormalities in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) larvae exposed to Malathion. Chemosphere 35(7): 1475-1486.         [ Links ]

Lim C & RT Lovell. 1978. Pathology of the vitamin C deficiency syndrome in Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Journal of Nutrition 108: 1137-1146.         [ Links ]

Marimuthu K, MA Haniffa, M Muruganandam, J Araja & JA Johnson. 2000. Vertebral column deformities in a freshwater catfish Mystus gulio. Indian Journal of Fisheries 47: 391-393.         [ Links ]

Mehrle PM & FL Mayer Jr. 1975. Toxaphene effects on growth and bone composition of fathead minnows Pimephates promelas. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32: 593-598.         [ Links ]

Mendoza-Carranza M, A Romero-Rodríguez, E Segura-Berttolini, E Ramírez-Mosqueda & W Arévalo-Frías. 2012. El bagre bandera Bagre marinus como especie clave de la pesca marina de pequeña escala en la costa de Tabasco. En: Sánchez AJ, X Chiappa-Carrara & R Brito-Pérez (eds). Recursos acuáticos costeros del Sureste: Tendencias actuales en investigación y estado del arte, pp. 527-547. RECORECOS, CONCYTEY, UNACAR, UJAT, ECOSUR, UNAM, México.         [ Links ]

Sauer GR & N Watanabe. 1984. Zinc uptake and its effect on calcification in the scales of the Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus. Aquatic Toxicology 5: 51-66.         [ Links ]

Schmitt JD & DJ Orth. 2015. First record of pughead deformity in blue catfish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144(6): 1111-1116.         [ Links ]

Srivastava AK & SK Srivastava. 1990. Skeletal anomalies in Indian catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) exposed to malathion. Journal of Environmental Biology 11: 45-49.         [ Links ]

Subba BR. 2004. Anomalies in bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis and African catfish Clarias gariepinus in Biratnagar, Nepal. Our Nature 2: 41-44         [ Links ]

Suleiman B, L Maruff & SJ Oniye. 2015. Radiographic studies on morphological anomalies in artificially spawned Heterobranchus longifilis Valenciennes, 1840 F1 generation. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences 13(1): 9-16.         [ Links ]

Wakida-Kusunoki AT, LE Amador-del Ángel & C Moreno-Miranda. 2014. Spinal deformities in Amazon sailfin catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Siluriformes: Locariidae), an introduced fish in the Palizada River (Southeastern Mexico). Cybium 38(2): 155-157.         [ Links ]

Yokoyama H, MA Freeman, T Yoshinaga & K Ogawa. 2004. Myxobolus buri, the myxosporean parasite causing scoliosis of yellowtail, is synonymous with Myxobolus acanthogobii infecting the brain of the yellowfin goby. Fisheries Science 70: 1036-1042.         [ Links ]

Received 4 November 2015 and accepted 4 August 2016
Editor: Claudia Bustos D.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License