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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Idesia vol.33 no.2 Arica mayo 2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292015000200016 

Volumen 33, N° 2. Páginas 143-146 IDESIA (Chile) Marzo-Mayo, 2015

NOTA CIENTÍFICA

Aculops lycopersici Tryon, 1917, ácaro del bronceado del tomate en el extremo norte de Chile

 

Aculops lycopersici Tryon, 1917, Tomato Russet Mite in northerm Chile

 

Germán F. Sepúlveda-Chavera1*, Felipe Salinas Vásquez1, Mabel Arismendi Macuer1, Wilson Huanca Mamani1

1 Universidad de Tarapacá. Avda. General Velásquez 1775, Arica-Chile. * Corresponding Author: gsepulve@uta.cl


ABSTRACT

The Aculops lycopersici (Tryon, 1917) (Acari: Eriophyidae) (= Tomato russet mite), was reported for the first time on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Arica, Chile. Its damage was described and its geographic distribution was expanded.

Key words: tomato russet mite, Aculops, Chile


RESUMEN

Se reporta por primera vez al ácaro del bronceado del tomate (Aculops lycopersici (Tryon, 1917), en Arica, Chile. Se describe el daño y se amplía la distribución geográfica.

Palabras clave: ácaro del bronceado del tomate, Aculops, Chile.


Aculops lycopersici was described by the first time in 1917 in Quensland, Australia (Tryon, 1917). In 1962 (Rossi, 1962) was reported in Argentina. In 1970 it was recorded in Brazil (Fletchman and Aranda, 1970). It was also recorded in Venezuela by Cermeu and collaborators in 1982. All previous records were applied on tomato. The Aculops lycopersici presence was reported in cucumber (Solanum muricatum L.) in Ovalle (30 ° South; 71°16 West) Chile, by Larraín (2002). It was considered a cosmopolitan plague present in all areas, in which tomato and other solanaceae were cultivated between the 60° North latitude and 60° South latitude (Jeppson et al., 1975; Magelhaes, 1982; Perring and Parrar, 1986). Duso and col. (2010), indicates that more than 24 host plants, were distributed in the solanaceae, convolvulaceae and rosaceae family plants (Table 1), whereas Serrano (1991) reports damages in El Salvador. Anderson (1954), described the mite biological cycle and recounted an important tomato plague in California, and it was able to damage others solanaceae.

Table 1. Host (Common Name), [Family], Reference.

In June, 2014 a not reported previously damage was detected in Arica, Chile, it was a russet in fruits, stems and leaves of tomato cv Naomi, cultivated in Lluta's valley. The microscopic examination revealed the presence of mite colonies Aculops lycopersici (Tryon 1917), growing abundantly (Figure 1). The morphometric characteristics allow us, in an assure way, to identify the causal agent of the detected damage. This report is the first about mite affecting tomato in Arica and Parinacota region.


Figura 1. Aculops lycopersici. A: Damage (Russet) in tomato fruit. B y C: Tomato Russet Mite Colony in different development status on tomato leaf. D: Dorsal view. E: Lateral view. Barr= A: 150mm; B: 500u; C: 200u; D y E: 50u.

 

Acknowledgements

We thanks Foundation for Agrarian Innovation (FIA) for their help through Projedt PYT-2012-0024 for financial support.

Literature Cited

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Fecha de Recepción: 15 Enero, 2015. Fecha de Aceptación: 16 Marzo, 2015.

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